Within 1850 and you can 1860 census Allen State stated an excellent thirty-five% miss from inside the African american society

Within 1850 and you can 1860 census Allen State stated an excellent thirty-five% miss from inside the African american society

Fort Wayne and you will Allen County’s tall people drop try more than likely due to help you broadening racial polarization inside later 1850s. Which amount went on so you can ericans of the 1870 census. The newest county’s people surged to 169 during the 1880 possesses since trended up, enumerating 41,618 African Americans in the 2010 census.


Kirby, J. Randolph. “Cards to your Development out-of a black Neighborhood inside Fort Wayne, Indiana ranging from 1820 and 1850.” Dated Fort Information 54: 1-a dozen.

Quinn, Angela Yards. The newest Underground Railroad in addition to Antislavery Movement into the Fort Wayne and you can Allen Condition, Indiana. Fort Wayne, IN: Arch, Inc., 2001.

Stith, Hana L. Illuminating an ignored Heritage, Dark colored Record, Fort Wayne, Indiana. Fort Wayne, Ind.: African & Ebony People Art gallery, 2005.

U.S. Bureau of your own Census. “Aggregate Level of Per Malfunction out-of Individuals in this District away from Indiana,” 1: 352. 6th Census of one’s All of us, 1840. Arizona, D.C.: U.S. Census Place of work, 1841.

U.S how to find a Scottsdale, AZ bride. Agency of Census. Inhabitants off Municipal Divisions Below Counties; Dining table III State away from Indiana,” 1:124 7th Census of your Us, 1850 Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Office, 1852

You.S. Bureau of one’s Census. Inhabitants regarding Municipal Divisions Below Areas; Dining table III State off Indiana,” 1:124 Eighth Census of your own United states, 1860. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Office, 1862

You.S. Bureau of the Census. “Populace regarding Municipal Departments Less than Areas; Desk III-Condition out-of Indiana,” 1: 124. Ninth Census of one’s All of us, 1870. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Bodies Printing Workplace, 1872.

Bartholomew State is shaped into the 1821. Predicated on federal censuses, the full level of blacks and you may mulattos is actually 6 from inside the 1830 (such as the Nancy Tyler and you may James Slight parents), 34 from inside the 1840, 82 from inside the 1850, 6 in 1860, and 42 during the 1870.

Bartholomew County’s you to definitely known settlement either named “Africa,” “Smokey Slope,” otherwise “Nigger Hill” is actually situated in Columbus Township

The main drop off out of 1850 to 1860 is generally related to new bad racial environment and you can/otherwise best financial ventures various other portion (Handley and you will Robbins, 33). It was not up to 1880 the city of Columbus saw a substantial escalation in the black inhabitants.These owners lived-in Columbus Township as well as the city of Columbus. A few of its surnames was indeed: Jones, Oxendine, Galbreath, Mitchell, Simmons and you may Newby. (Newby and you will Slope have been names that were of the Beech Payment into the nearby Hurry Condition.) These types of very early settlers came from Vermont, Sc, Virginia and Indiana.

A number of the families which were in the 1850 census try plus placed in the new Register out-of Negroes and you will Mulattoes to possess Bartholomew County. (Robbins, Indiana Negro Files 1852-1865) Specialist Xenia Elizabeth. Cable covers an unfamiliar Bartholomew County settlement in her own essay, “Black colored Rural Agreements from inside the Indiana in advance of 1860” (Gibbs, 104-105). For the July 29, 1927, historian George Pence demonstrated a newspaper just before a shared meeting of the fresh Bartholomew Condition Historical Neighborhood while the State house Literary Bar (Paulette Roberts Collection). In the paper, Pence says: “Collectively during the early fifties quite a large number of Negroes, certain fifty souls, every informed, had compensated on south section of Columbus, additionally the settlement was in your town known as Africa.

Within the old-age pursuing the emigration of the coloured anyone the newest area are converted to a far more progressive title that Smokey Line. It appears to be the city named “Africa” and you can “Smokey Line” try referred to as “Nigger Slope” throughout the later 1870s. An African Methodist Episcopal Chapel Congregation inside the Columbus is defined as getting a part of new Salem Routine that have cuatro participants when you look at the 1841 (Minutes, Indiana Yearly Fulfilling, AME Church). Inside 1850 there have been about three “negro” property owners with a residential property valued at $520 (Heller, 303).